From the 13th century simple and majestic towers began to be erected on our lands. Belarusian architects borrowed the idea of creating such defensive structures from the Normans. Powerful and independent bergfrieds, dungeons, "Volyn pillars" drew a line from earth to heaven in Kamenets, Hrodna, Brest, Polotsk, Turov, Navahrudak, Vilnius. They rose in the middle of the fortress or in front of the gate and showed a stern spirit of time, dangerous and disturbing.
Stubbornly silent and impregnable on the outside, inside the tower lived and sounded: from floor to floor additional or built-in stairs moved those for whom it became a lifeline. Above one or two dark tiers was a living room with a fireplace, where the prince and his family could wait for the onslaught of enemy troops. And from the observation deck on the roof, looking out from behind the cremallers, the guards watched the neighborhood. The danger grew stronger - people left the tower through the underground passage and disappeared into the darkness of night or the thick cover of the morning mist.
In the corners of the chessboards of our ancestors long ago rocked rooks. But later the game reflected the loss of access to the sea and the transition to territorial defense: the Belarusian-Lithuanian chess player is surrounded by towers instead of ships. White stands on cells a1 and i1, black - on a9 and i9. You can move the figure in any direction and at any distance. If the army tower is destroyed by the enemy, the warrior who has reached the edge of the field can build a new dungeon and "close" in it (the warrior "turns" into a tower).
The prince can also hide in a tower, having carried out casting. The lord of the principality takes two or three steps to the tower, and then changes with its cells, extending his stay on the field by at least one - perhaps defining - move. Two conditions: this move must be the first for each of the figures and there can be no broken fields between them.
Traditionally in the Belarusian lands the Tower is called Ladzie - as a symbol of tribute to the history of the Polotsk principality.